Subspecialties for Interventional Radiology


Last verified on October 20, 2017
Subspecialty initial certification in the areas below is available for candidates who are initially certified in diagnostic radiology. Specialty certification is required to earn and maintain subspecialty certification.

Hospice and Palliative Medicine

A specialist in hospice and palliative medicine uses special knowledge and skills to prevent and relieve the suffering experienced by patients with life-limiting illnesses. This specialist works with an interdisciplinary hospice or palliative care team to maximize quality of life while addressing the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual needs of both patients and families.



A specialist in neuroradiology diagnoses and treats disorders of the brain, sinuses, spine, spinal cord, neck, and the central nervous system, such as aging and degenerative diseases, seizure disorders, cancer, stroke, cerebrovascular diseases, and trauma. Imaging commonly used in neuroradiology includes angiography, myelography, interventional techniques, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Two additional years—one year of a fellowship and one year of practice or additional approved training—are required.


Nuclear Radiology

A specialist in nuclear radiology is one who administers tracer quantities of radionuclides (radiopharmaceuticals) to create diagnostic images and gather physiological data to diagnose and treat a wide range of benign and malignant conditions in adults and children. Imaging modalities include gamma cameras, single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT), and positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT).


Pain Medicine

A specialist in pain medicine provides care for patients with acute, chronic, and/or cancer pain in both inpatient and outpatient settings while coordinating patient care needs with other specialists. One additional year of fellowship training is required.


Pediatric Radiology

A specialist in pediatric radiology uses imaging and interventional procedures related to the diagnosis, care, and management of congenital abnormalities (those present at birth) and diseases particular to infants and children. A pediatric radiologist also treats diseases that begin in childhood and can cause impairments in adulthood. Two additional years—one year of a fellowship and one year of practice or additional approved training—are required.

Vascular and Interventional Radiology

The last subspecialty certificate in vascular and interventional radiology was issued in 2016. This certificate has been replaced by specialty certification in interventional radiology/diagnostic radiology (IR/DR), which was issued for the first time in 2017.

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